Melasma is most prevalent among women. It is most commonly found in women who are pregnant, using the contraceptive pill, or receiving hormone replacement therapy. Melasma is believed to be caused by over activation of melanocytes by the female sex hormones; estrogen and progesterone. This activation subsequently causes an increase in melanin production when the skin is exposed to sunlight. Melasma will develop gradually and is most commonly found on the cheek, nose, lips, and forehead.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation results from increased melanin production due to an inflammatory response. Inflammation is caused when trauma occurs at the epidermal layers of the skin, and can be due to a number of reasons including picking spots, after a spot has gone down it can leave a pigmented lesion, after a flare up of dermatitis, after a skin injury, infections or an allergic reactions.
Liver Spots/Age Spots
Liver spots, also known as solar lentigos, are a form of skin pigmentation most associated with ageing and exposure to UV light. This is most common in people over the age of 40, as our skin begins to lose its ability to repair damage caused by sun/UV exposure. Liver spots are most commonly found on areas of skin most exposed to the sun – hands, arms, face and back, and are characterised by uneven patches of light brown to black skin pigment.
Treatments For Skin Pigmentation
The treatment of uneven skin pigmentation will be dependent on a host of factors including the type of pigmentation, cause of the pigmentation, at Face It offers a range of treatments, which are all effective methods to treat different types of skin pigmentation. Please do note the best time of year to treat pigmentation skins is in the Winter (September –April ) months as you are fighting a hard battle in the Summer months
Each of our Skin Specialists at Face It are trained to provide the best advice and treatments to help you achieve an even skin complexion. If you would like to organise a consultation with one of our experienced staff, please call us on 020 83401770